Unlike Sweden which recycles more than 99% of its waste, Ukraine is suffering from rubbish

Unlike Sweden which recycles more than 99% of its waste, Ukraine is suffering from rubbish

10.05.2019 Analytics

Only recently, people around the world began to realize that used things accumulated in landfills are not stored there for free. Those who drink dirty water, breathe dirty air suffer from that. People have to see an unpleasant sight and beware of pollution of the surrounding areas… However, this problem can be turned into money, if you set such a goal.

You would not buy packaging of “gold” paper towels or disposable plates without the need, if the cost of your purchases included the costs of recycling rubbish and waste, as well as the real cost of wood, taking into account the benefits which a person would receive from living wood. If one purchases toilet paper made from primary (wood) bleached pulp, which is washed down in the sewage – they waste about 27000 trees all over the world only in a day, if converted into raw materials.

Rubbish is an expensive pleasure also in a different way: without recycling, we send to the landfills not only cellulose and plastic (which are also not cheap), but also non-ferrous metals, even platinum and gold.

However, the solution has been found. The Swedes can truly be considered successful in recycling. Today, more than 99% of the country’s own waste is recycled in Sweden, and at the same time, almost 700 thousand tons of rubbish from other countries are imported. You can see the system of waste recycling in Stockholm by the examples.

How it all began

It all started in the 1970s. Former Sweden, a country with a harsh climate and complete dependence on natural gas supplies, has decided to change the energy situation. Scientists and politicians have determined that every citizen “produces” 1-1.5 kg of rubbish per day. At the same time, it was estimated that 4 tons of household waste compensate the use of one ton of oil. A simple logic led the Swedes to the only right solution: the country was seriously engaged in recycling. 

Until 1975, the Swedes disposed only of 38% of rubbish. New program activities have helped Sweden to achieve significant progress in recycling. However, nowadays, the Swedes are not fully satisfied with the results of recycling and continue to introduce innovations in this area.

Benefit from rubbish

At some point, waste sorting in Sweden has reached an incredible scale. Thanks to the introduction of innovations, there is almost no landfills in the country, and the waste has become either recycled for fuel or reused. The authorities carry out constant explanatory work, so they have achieved a high level of public awareness.

Most people in the country know that it is possible to make a new plastic from the used one for seven times. Only then, it will go to a power station for incineration. So, recycled plastic will benefit in the form of electricity. 

What manufacturers and ordinary citizens do

Each family owns six or seven buckets for different rubbish — plastic, paper, glass, cardboard, metal and other things. Another bucket is designed for waste which cannot be recycled. Even a small child from Stockholm will not throw a candy wrapper into the wrong container. Educational programs begin with kindergartens. Children learn how to sort rubbish correctly. Here are fines for wrong sorting in the country.  

Household items such as TVs, sofas, building materials are taken to special stations. There, they are dismantled for valuable components further bought by the relevant manufacturers of goods. They get ready to run into the new production cycle of raw materials. Objects are also cleaned of paint, acids and other hazardous substances which subsequently go to a special plant for recycling household chemicals. By the way, such stations in Sweden are completely free, and rubbish collection points are located within walking distance — one point per 10000-15000 inhabitants.

Caring for people

Glass products are also categorized. Coloured glass is sent to one container, and transparent glass — to another. Plastic bottles and metal cans can be delivered to reception points and get paid for them. As in many European countries, the price of a drink usually includes the cost of the package, but you can return it if you put that bottle into a special machine in the store. Such a system is common in Europe, but in Sweden, it differs in caring for people: next to the device, there is always a basket for empty bags in which the packaging was brought and also a sink to wash hands, as well as a dryer or a roll of paper towels. Sweden seeks to make separate rubbish collection as comfortable for people as possible. 

New approaches

In Sweden, a new demolition procedure called “deconstruction” was recently introduced. In the case of the demolition of an old building, the machines “bite off” pieces of walls and take them to a special station where they will again become building materials after recycling. So, an old house will turn into a new one. 

Expired medicines in Sweden are also not thrown away but are handed over to the pharmacy. You can also give used syringes and needles.

Transportation of rubbish in the country is carried out using an underground air duct which was launched in 1961. The main part of such a garbage chute is located underground.

In Sweden, they even invented an “ecological” way of burying of the dead. Scientists have suggested the use of the remains of the dead to enrich the soil of forest plantations. By placing the ashes in a special soluble capsule, which is buried at a small depth in the ground, it is possible to get excellent organic fertilizer, which during the first year after the burial serves as an excellent fertilizer for trees.

Results

The shortage of rubbish in Sweden is the only waste-related problem in the country. Only 7% of all rubbish is delivered to landfills, and everything else is burned or recycled. So, thanks to waste, Stockholm is provided with electricity by 45%. Therefore, waste scarcity can be a significant problem for the population, because the Swedes using recycling heat their houses and get electricity. However, neighboring Norway expressed its willingness to help Sweden at one time and supplies 800 thousand tons of rubbish every year.   

The Swedes came up not only with how to reduce the amount of rubbish in the landfills, but also how to minimize the amount of harmful emissions into the atmosphere during the recycling. Thanks to the latest recycling technologies used at waste plants, emissions into the atmosphere do not exceed 1%.  

Ukraine is on the verge of a rubbish catastrophe

Unlike Sweden, Ukraine is suffering from rubbish. Today, from 4 to 7% of the territory of Ukraine is littered with rubbish. This territory can be compared with the area of ​​the Netherlands or Denmark. There are about only 6 thousand official landfills in the country, and by 5 times more illegal ones.

From January 1, 2018, it was planned to introduce rubbish sorting across the country. There are conveyors for sorted waste next to the usual rubbish cans should have appeared in every yard. The law was passed five years ago, but it was planned to be implemented only from the beginning of 2018. 

It was assumed that after the start of waste sorting, waste-recycling plants would begin to receive raw materials and earn a lot of money thereon. Moreover, it is without mentioning the environmental benefits, as the environment would suffer less from landfills.  

However, good intentions actually remained only on paper. It turned out that the law did not specify the order of measures, that the country had to switch to the European waste recycling system. Even despite the established system of fines, a new “sorting life” has not started for ordinary citizens.  

According to experts, the rubbish business in the country is by 90% in the shade and it flourishes at the same time. Landfills are also used in various schemes of illegal earnings, so the “rubbish” mafia is not interested in the transparency.

To solve the problem, the Ukrainian government has adopted a National Waste Management Strategy, according to which the country should get rid of billions of tons of rubbish by 2030. There is the strategy, but no money: about 6 billion UAH is needed for its implementation. 

Recycling enterprises in Ukraine

There are only 25 enterprises in the country in the sorting and recycling of waste. The fact is that there are only 30 rubbish-sorting lines at the landfills among these companies – this is quite disappointing. The permission for such work is provided for the Kyiv waste recycling plant “Energy” which is headed by “Kyivteploenergo” and “Kyivspetstrans” (test site № 5 in the Pidhirtsi village, Obukhiv district, Kyiv region) since August 1, 2018.

The solution to the problem

The problem with rubbish in Ukraine can only be solved by the construction of additional waste recycling plants. However, another problem is that even when the Ukrainians start sorting the rubbish, this will not solve the issue. The fact is that the sorted waste is nowhere to be disposed of, and eventually, it again falls into the total mass of rubbish.

While nobody is doing at least something, landfills in Ukraine continue covering new territories. Ukraine is not ready to learn from the Swedish experience of how to deal with rubbish. However, we do not actually have to invent anything: we only need to get on the “ready-made bike”, not reinvent a new one.  

Other articles

  • Radisson Hotel Group strengthens its extended stay value proposition and ambitiously grows its serviced apartments portfolio across EMEA
    News

    Radisson Hotel Group strengthens its extended stay value proposition and ambitiously grows its serviced apartments portfolio across EMEA

    Radisson Hotel Group has plans to more than double its serviced apartments portfolio within the next 5 years across EMEA. Today, serviced apartments represent around 10% of the Group’s EMEA portfolio with 45 properties and more than 5,400 units in operation and under development. Radisson Hotel Group operates its serviced apartments as a stand-alone or […]

  • Uber stops developing a car without a driver
    News

    Uber stops developing a car without a driver

    On Monday, December 7, Uber and startup Aurora Technologies announced an agreement under which Aurora will take over Uber’s Advanced Technologies Group, which has been developing self-governing cars. Under the terms of the agreement, Uber will receive $ 400 million, 26% of Aurora shares, and the general director of the taxi service, Dara Khosrowshahi, will […]

  • Tesla will sell shares for $ 5 billion
    News

    Tesla will sell shares for $ 5 billion

    Electric car maker Tesla has agreed with brokerage companies to sell its shares for a total of $ 5 billion. This was reported by Bloomberg, citing documents submitted to the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The shares will be sold at the market price. This is the third sale of Tesla shares in 2020. […]

  • The first batch of Pfizer COVID vaccine has arrived in Israel
    News

    The first batch of Pfizer COVID vaccine has arrived in Israel

    The first batch of Pfizer coronavirus vaccine has been delivered to Israel. This was reported by The Jerusalem Post on Wednesday, December 9. “A DHL flight from Brussels carried more than 100,000 doses of the newly created vaccine and landed at Ben Gurion Airport in Tel Aviv around 9 a.m.,” the statement said. The doses […]

  • Exxon Mobil announces record depreciation of its gas assets by $ 20 billion
    News

    Exxon Mobil announces record depreciation of its gas assets by $ 20 billion

    The American oil and gas giant Exxon Mobil had one of the worst years in its history. Exxon shares have fallen by 45.36% since the beginning of 2020. The company has lost money for three quarters in a row, and in August they were excluded from the benchmark index of “blue chips” Dow Jones Industrial […]

  • Pfizer will deliver half of the planned number of vaccines in 2020
    News

    Pfizer will deliver half of the planned number of vaccines in 2020

    Shares of Pfizer and BioNTech fell 1.74% and 2% (respectively) on Thursday amid news that companies will deliver half of their planned number of vaccines against COVID-19 in 2020. On November 20, Pfizer and its German partner BioNTech applied to the FDA (US Food and Drug Administration) for permission to use their vaccine in an […]

  • JD.com will be the first platform to accept China’s cryptocurrency
    News

    JD.com will be the first platform to accept China’s cryptocurrency

    Chinese e-commerce company JD.com Inc announced on Saturday that it will be the first platform in the country to accept China’s digital currency. The Central Bank of China will hold its second digital yuan lottery among citizens of Suzhou, near Shanghai on Friday. The total amount of playable digital yuan is 20 million ($ 3.06 […]

Read also

Unlike Sweden which recycles more than 99% of its waste, Ukraine is suffering from rubbish
News

Ferrari and Lamborghini are leaving the Ukrainian market

Ferrari and Lamborghini announced the termination of official deliveries of its supercars on the territory of Ukraine in 2016 due to the unstable situation in the local market. This was announced by Victor Postelnikov the “Vipos” CEO who sell these models. “Because of the situation in the country, our market is not ready today to […]

Next
Unlike Sweden which recycles more than 99% of its waste, Ukraine is suffering from rubbish
News

Wizz Air has threatened to close its branch in Kiev

The management of the Hungarian airline Wizz Air will close a branch in Kyiv, that has three passenger liners, if its employees do not agree to stop the union. This is stated in the statement of the European Transport Workers Federation ETF. According to the statment, the conflict began after the decision of Wizz Air […]

Next
Unlike Sweden which recycles more than 99% of its waste, Ukraine is suffering from rubbish
News

State part of Cherkassyoblenergo to sell in one package

The government committee has approved the sale of 71% of shares of PJSC Cherkassyoblenergo by one package.According to Delo.ua web-site, Igor Bilous, the head of the State Property Fund (FGI) reported about it. He says: “The decision on the merge of share blocks has been made, concerning Cherkassyoblenergo. We will sell the integrated packet of […]

Next
Unlike Sweden which recycles more than 99% of its waste, Ukraine is suffering from rubbish
News

Microsoft topped the ranking of the most responsible employers

Created by Bill Gates, Microsoft third time topped the annual ranking of the 100 most responsible US corporations. This was announced by Forbes on Wednesday, October 14. Also in the top five of the updated list, in addition to Microsoft, included only technological giants – NVIDIA, Apple, Intel Alphabet. “Forbes compiled the rating together with […]

Next
Unlike Sweden which recycles more than 99% of its waste, Ukraine is suffering from rubbish
News

Financial conglomerate JP Morgan Chase will pay $ 307 million fine to regulators

JP Morgan Chase will pay $ 307 million as a fine to regulatory authorities. The reason of such decision of the regulators  is that the bank did not disclose the information about conflicts of interests  to investors in the implementation  of its own advertising investment products to clients. Based on the date of the Securities […]

Next
Unlike Sweden which recycles more than 99% of its waste, Ukraine is suffering from rubbish
News

Residents of China are ready to abandon the iPhone in favor of WeChat

The vast majority of Chinese people are ready to abandon produced by the American company Apple devices in favor of the application for instant messaging WeChat. A sociological survey of more than 1 million people in China noted, that almost all are willing to renounce the use in everyday life of products produced by Apple. […]

Next
Unlike Sweden which recycles more than 99% of its waste, Ukraine is suffering from rubbish
News

Business failure: despair or lesson?

Each company and the man himself admits, sometimes failing, seemingly mistakes. But if it is really a failure or a good experience for the development shows a wonderful book of Laurence G. Weinzimmer and  Jim McConoughey “The Wisdom of Failure”. 5 small stories from the book will help you to understand that the business mistakes […]

Next
Unlike Sweden which recycles more than 99% of its waste, Ukraine is suffering from rubbish
News

Tiffany sued LVMH over the delay in the merger deal

The multinational jewelry company Tiffany has filed a lawsuit in the court of the state of Delaware (USA) against the French luxury goods manufacturer LVMH (Louis Vuitton Moet Hennessy) for delaying the latest merger process. This was announced on Wednesday by the press service of the jewelry company. According to press service, LVMH group intentionally […]

Next
Unlike Sweden which recycles more than 99% of its waste, Ukraine is suffering from rubbish
News

LDaily became a media partner of the “Keep It Up!” project in the Tsekh Gallery

On October 20, the Kyiv Art Gallery Tsekh hosted a presentation of the «Keep It Up!» project created by the artist and sculptor Yevgeny Petrov. The LDaily Business Edition became a media partner of this wonderful project, which highlights the theme of sport. The exhibition is currently open to the public and will be exhibited in the gallery until […]

Next
Unlike Sweden which recycles more than 99% of its waste, Ukraine is suffering from rubbish
News

The Verkhovna Rada has taken a step towards the legalization of cryptocurrencies

The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted in the first reading the draft law №3637 on virtual assets. LIGA.net reports, 230 people’s deputies voted for this document. According to the explanatory note, the market for virtual assets in Ukraine has been already formed and has existed for about five years, but it is completely outside the […]

Next
Unlike Sweden which recycles more than 99% of its waste, Ukraine is suffering from rubbish
News

Oschadbank sued the Sberbank of Russia

Ukrainian state bank claims Sberbank of Russia in  violation of intellectual property rights. State Savings Bank of Ukraine has filed a lawsuit against Sberbank of Russia for copyright infringement.Oschadbank insists on the illegality renaming of Ukrainian “daughter” of the Sberbank of Russia in Sberbank and alleges a violation of their intellectual property rights. The suit […]

Next
Unlike Sweden which recycles more than 99% of its waste, Ukraine is suffering from rubbish
News

We will exactly stay with bread: business will receive more than 300 million UAH of investment

Tryndiuk Yurii, who is the owner and president of the company Khlibni investytsii, reported on what amount of money will be invested in improving the production of bread in this year. This amount is equal to more than 300 million UAH. About it has reported the source delo.ua. Total production of bread in Ukraine is […]

Next
Unlike Sweden which recycles more than 99% of its waste, Ukraine is suffering from rubbish
News

Fozzy Group wants to avoid paying debts

According to Interfax-Ukraine, Fozzy Commercial and Industrial Group (CIG) in connection with Trash new retail chain storey creation, has registered LLC Silpo-Food at the beginning of August. According to information in the Single state register of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs, PJSC became the founder of PJSC Closed Undiversified Venture Corporate Investment Fund Retail Capital. […]

Next
Unlike Sweden which recycles more than 99% of its waste, Ukraine is suffering from rubbish
News

What social projects are supported by business

LDaily decided to conduct a survey among the companies working in Ukraine to find out what social projects they support and why.       Anastasia Voitkevych, Head of Corporate Communications & Social Responsibility, Winner Group Ukraine Winner CSR has two focus areas — Charity and Responsible Business. Charity is philanthropy, Winner’s and its leadership’s […]

Next
Unlike Sweden which recycles more than 99% of its waste, Ukraine is suffering from rubbish
News

The National Bank spent $ 71 million to support the hryvnia

On September 14-18, the National Bank sold $ 71 million in currency on the interbank foreign exchange market. At the same time, the National Bank did not buy foreign currency in its international reserves during the reporting week. Therefore, the National Bank for the first time in the late July sold the currency on the […]

Next
Unlike Sweden which recycles more than 99% of its waste, Ukraine is suffering from rubbish
News

Walmart’s net profit for February-October increased by 44%

The consolidated net profit of the world’s largest retail chain, American Walmart, for the nine months of 2020-2021 fiscal year (February-October 2020) increased by 44% and amounted to $ 15.714 billion, according to a press release. Walmart’s adjusted net income per share for the nine months was $ 5.48 against $ 3.74 in the same […]

Next
WP2Social Auto Publish Powered By : XYZScripts.com